Citizenship and Immigration Canada
Public Education for children
is run by the provincial governments and is paid for through taxes. Public
education is free and available to every child in Canada. By law, children
must attend school until the age of 15 or 16.
In some provinces
there are separate public school boards reflecting different religious
and languages preferences.
Generally, the language
of instruction is either English or French. If a student has difficulty
with the language, he or she is usually given extra language training.
In Quebec, almost all newcomers attend French language schools.
Boys and girls share
classrooms and are taught together in almost all public schools. Teachers
in all provinces must be qualified and licensed. All academic teachers
have at least one university degree and special training in education.
Most children in
Canada attend public schools. About five per cent of students go to private
schools, which charge school fees.
Elementary and secondary school
In most provinces
children start out in elementary school, which is usually kindergarten
to grade 6 or 8. This is followed by secondary school also called high
school. In some provinces this may be divided into junior high (grades
7 to 9) and senior high (grades 10-12). Students must complete certain
academic courses in high school in order to be admitted to university.
How to enroll your children in school
Parents must register
children at the local school or school board office. School boards are
listed in the blue pages of the telephone book.
When you register
your child, you must take with you:
- Permanent Resident
Card, Record of Landing (IMM1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence
- birth certificate
- vaccination certificate
- any previous school
Your children’s language
and mathematical skills might be tested. Then your child will be placed
in the program the school thinks is best for them. If you think that your
children may have been incorrectly placed, talk to their teacher, guidance
counsellor or school principal.